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Exulanten

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Early Zellhofer exulanten
from Gresten, Austria to Bavaria

The information here was received from two sources, first Judith Zellhoefer of Bavaria, and much later from Roswitha Bogenreiter of Gresten, Austria.  At the time I received the first from Judith, I am embarrassed to admit I had no clue what a huge research find this was!  This one document contained enough to enable connecting Z-families all the way back to the 16th century!

This webpage was created for purposes of preservation and translation.  It mentions  "Exulanten", which has to do people switching from  Roman Catholic to Evangelisch, and migrating (or escaping?) from e.g. Austria, where the church ruled.  All this seems to indicate the Reformation began several generations before Martin Luther, but such I shall leave to the historians. 

It also lists the primary people in a tree beginning with Hanss  in Lentersdorf, whose son Hanss is found in LDS IGI.  Judith gave me some help, but some things remain unclear!  Your thoughts would be most welcome!

These texts are not very interesting or useful! But if you want to, I’ll try to translate them!!!

16391660 315 mal der Besitzer gewechselt. Nach Abzug der Verkäufe durch die Herrschaft bei verlassenen Hafen kann ein Jahresdurchschnitt von ca. 9 In der Herrschaft angesetzt werden. über diese Norm tagt die Zahl der Verkäufe der Jahre 1641 mit 26, 1643 mit 13, 1646 mit 15, 1648 Mit 17 Verkäufen hinaus. In diesen Jahren können Abwanderungen nach dem evangelischen Franken angenommen werden. Belege für die Vierziger Jahre sind für Weißenkirchberg, Leutershausen und die Weißenburger Gegend (Gröschel), auch für das Amt Stauf (LehnertBarth). vorhanden

Die ab 1653 vorhandenen Kaufprotokolle der Herrschaft Rappottenstein zeigen die gleiche Dichte an ExofficioVerkäufen durch die Herrschaft, auch aus der kleinen Herrschaft Kehrbach im Waldviertel sind verhältnismäßig viele Personen im gleichen Zeitraum entlaufen'.

In der Zinzendorfischen Herrschaft Hausegg (Oberhausegg und Niederhausegg) bei Gresten südlich der Donau fehlen die Kaufprotokolle, aus denen der Wechsel bei den bäuerlichen Untertanen zu ersehen wäre. Dort blieb eine andere für die Exulantenforschung nicht weniger wichtige Quelle erhalten:

die Bäuerlichen Vertragsbücher oder Waisenbücher von 1601 bis 1661. Zeitlich kurz nach dem Tod des Vaters oder der Mutter, jedenfalls vor Wieder, Verehelichung des überlebenden Elternteils wurden Verträge vor der Herrschalt errichtet, in denen die väterlichen bzw. mütterlichen Erbteile festgesetzt, Gerhaben (Vormünder) verordnet und genaue Abrechnungen über die auf Zins ausgeliehenen Waisengelder niedergeschrieben worden, Die Auf der erbberechtigten Kinder, das Datum der Auszahlung u. a. machen mit den seit 1630 erhaltenen Kirchenbüchern möglich, eine ziemlich geschlossene Aufstellung der Hausegger Bauernschaft nach Familien und Höfen zu fertigen und nach Abschluss der umfangreichen Arbeit genau zu ermitteln, welche Höfe in den Jahren 16521660 durch Abwanderung ins . Reich' den Besitzer wechselten. Aus der Großzahl von Familienblättern mit bereits etlichen Hundert Exulanten mag ein Beispiel an der Familie Ze1lhöfer vom Steigerhof, Gern. Unteramt, Pfarrei Gresten NO genügen:

This text says how they got all the information: there were something like contracts of sale when the farmers changed their possessions. In this case these contracts of sale don’t exist anymore, but there are other books, which are really useful and imprortant for the genelogical research. When the one of the parents died and the other part married again, there were made contracts about who will get the farm and so on... there’s written everything about the money the childs got and so on and so today these books help to find out where exactly they lived...

And these is the Zellhöfer family:

(oo means married; t means died);

Zellhoefer Hans, begraben [buried] 18 Dec 1649/50 - 18. 12. 1649, am Steigerhof 1606[-]1649;

I. oo (ca. 1603) Eva t vor [after]  24. 4. 1607,

II. oo (ca, 1607) Anna begraben 24. 4. 1649 Gresten,

Kinder: (1) Stephan (vgl. unten 1) (2) Maria, aus 1. Ehe; (3) Sebalt, (4) Paul t Vor 7 12. 1651, (5) Jacob (Vgl. unten 1), (6) Catharina (7) Thoma (Vgl. unten 1), aus II. Ehe.

Z e 11 h o f e r Stephan (1), übernimmt 1650 den Steigerhof, Hft. Hausegg b. Gresten

Zuvor 16301637 am Hintern Hoderberg, 16381650 am Hintern Gasteig t vor

16. 3. 1656 (Erbvertrag fol. 273'). Er CO ca. 1629 Ursula (sie 11. 00 1656 Hans

Vogel), Kind"

1. Hang. geh. 1690, ab 1654 als Exulant in Dietenhofen, 16601679 Bauer Lendersdorf, t 13. 4. 1694 das. oo Dietenhofen (Mir) 5. 3. 1660 Elisabeth Keller

2. Simon. geh. 163111634, 1671 noch in Hft. Hausegg NÖ.

3. Adam getauft 18 0. 1637 Geraten, 1671 Exulant im Reich" in Steinbach, Pf. Großhaslach (Mfr)

28

4. Elisabeth get. 3. 10. 1635 Gresten, begraben 13. 5. 1645 Gr.

5, Georg getauft 5. 10. 1645 Gresten, 1671 Exulant im Reich".

6. Jakob getauft 27. 5, 1648 Gresten 1671 noch 1. Hft Hausegg

7. Maria geb. 1631/1634, oo 4, 3, 1661 Rügland (Mfr) Philipp W a g e n h o f e r, Exulant aus Gresten.

8. Sophia getauft 24. 3. 1639 Gresten 1671 Exulantin "Reich".

9. Sara geh. 165071655, 1671 Exulantin "im Reich".

Zellhofer Jakob (3), (1647) Inwohner am Steigerhof, Exulant in Lindach bei

Rügland (Mfr): 1 ' oo G ... ten 12. 2. 1647 Roßina Vogel, begraben 29. 5. 1647

Gresten: 11. CO 15. 11. 1648 Gt Maria. Witwe des Hang Dotter

1. Christoph getauft 6. 3. 1647 Gresten.

Z e 11 h o f e r Thomas (7), am Hintern Hoderberg, Gern. Unteramt, Pf. Gresten NÖ.

t vor 23. 1. 1650, begraben Gresten.

CO (Vor 1633) Gresten Gertraudt .... als Witwe oo 11.

Gresten (1661) Michael S c h ei f au r. am hint. Hoderberg;

1. Andre get. 3. 10. 1640 Gresten 1671 Exulant im Reich".

2, Georg get. 3. 4, 1647 Gresten, 1671 Exulant jm Reich".

3. Maria get. 30. 3. 163 3 Gresten, CO 1661 Georg T e u F e 1 1671 als Exulanten .im Reich«.

4. Barbara get. 5. 1. 1635 Gresten CO (1662) Niclauß Grabner an der Zaritzleuthen,

5, Sara get, 25. 2. 1637 Gresten, oo 1662 Dietenhofen (Mfr) Jacob B e a c k e r (an. Hft. Hausegg), 1671 Exulanten "im Reich.

6. Gertraudt get. 30. 12. 1639 Gresten, 1671 Exulantin im Reich*.

7, Catharina geh. ca. 1644 Gresten, oo 1672 Dietenhofen (Mfr) Leonhard Münchhofer, Herpersdorf, Exulanten.

Die verschiedenen Glieder der Sippe Zellhofer vorn Steigerhof, 1671 aus

Anlass einer Erbregelung als Exulanten im Reich« bezeugt. sind bereits ab 1654 in Dietenhofen und Umgebung durch Kirchenbucbeintragungen belegt.

Graf Seefried berichtet in der Geschichte des Marktes Gresten über die schwierige Rückführung der Bevölkerung zum Katholizismus. . . . . welche sich nicht bekehren liegen, erhielten die nötigen Pässe zur Auswanderung oder begaben sich ohne solche auf die Wanderschaft. Allmählich wurde sich die Landesregierung bewusst, dass die Strafe der Landesverweisung eine sehr zweischneidige Waffe war. Die Zahl der Ödstätten, der zerfallenen Bauern . von ihren Besitzern verlassen, nahm zu und aus den Städten und Märkten zogen oft gerade die besten Handwerker nach Deutschland. Namentlich die Schmiedemeister und ihre Gesellen waren zum größten Teil Protestantan, die fest an ihrem Glauben hingen, und ihr Abzug erwies sich als großer Nachteil nicht nur für die Orte mit hochentwickelter Eisenindustrie, wie für Waidhofen a. d. Ybbs, Ybbsitz. Gresten, sondern für die österreichische Eisenindustrie überhaupt, welche bisher den WeItmarkt beherrscht hatte ... "

This text says, that the count tried to lead the population back to catholizism, and these who didn’t want that got passports to emigrate and others just went on the road. This was bad for the cities because lots of people hang on to their religion (Protestanism) and moved away and so theses cities lost lots of money, because they had no more workers.

Vgl. Anm. A 11 S e f, i e d. A. 0. 0.. 5, 124.

29

Google (poor!) translation:


1639-1660 315 times the owner changed. After departure of sales by the rule with abandoned port an annual average can be set of approx. 9 in the rule.  over
this standard the number of sales of

the years 1641 with 26, 1643 with 13, 1646 with 15, 1648 with
17 sales meets outside. In these years drifts
can be accepted to Evangelist Franconia. Vouchers for the forties are present for
Weissenkirchberg, Leutershausen and the Weissenburger area (Groeschel), also for the office Stauf (LehnertBarth).

Purchase minutes of the rule Rappottenstein existing starting from 1653 show the same density at ExofficioVerkaeufen by the rule, also from the small rule turning brook in the forest quarter relatively many persons in the same period ran away!

In the Zinzendorfi rule Hausegg (Oberhausegg and Niederhausegg) with Gresten south the Danube are missing
purchase minutes
, from which the change would be to be seen with the rural subjects. There another source less important for the Exulantenforschung
did not remain:

the rural contract books or orphan books
from 1601 to 1661. Temporally briefly after the death of the father or the nut/mother, anyhow forwards again, marriage of the survivor of parents contracts were established before the prevailing alto, in those the paternal and/or muetterlichen inheritances determined, Gerhaben (guardians) ordered and exact accounts over the orphan's allowances lent at interest written down, the on
of the children entitled to inherit, the date of the disbursement among other things make possible with the church books received since 1630 to determine a rather closed list of the Hausegger exactly the peasantry after families and yards finished and

after conclusion of the extensive work which yards in the years 1652-1660 by drift in. Changed richly ' the owner. From the large number of family sheets with
already some hundred Exulanten one example at the family Zellhöfer  of the riser yard, gladly.  Unteramt, Pfarrei Gresten NO are sufficient:


This text says how they got all the information: there were something like contracts of sale when the farmers changed their possessions. In this case these contracts of sale don’t exist anymore, but there are other books, which are really useful and imprortant for the genelogical research. When the one of the parents died and the other part married again, there were made contracts about who will get the farm and so on... there’s written everything about the money the childs got and so on and so today these books help to find out where exactly they lived...

And these is the zellhöfer family:

(oo means married; t means died;

Zellhoefer Hans, bury 18. 12. 1649, at Steigerhof 1606-1649;

I. oo ( approx.. 1603) EH t before 24. 4. 1607,

II. oo (approx., 1607) 24 buries Anna. 4. 1649 Gresten,

Children: (1) Stephan (see down 1) (2) Maria, from 1. Before; (3) Sebalt, (4) Paul t before 7 12. 1651, (5) Jacob (see down 1), (6) Catharina (7) Thoma (see down 1), from II. Before.

Z e 11 h o f e r Stephan (1), takes over 1650 the riser yard, Hft. Hausegg b. Gresten

Before 1630-1637 at the back Hoderberg, 1638-1650 at the back gas paste t forwards

16. 3. 1656 (hereditary contract fol. 273'). It CO approx.. 1629 Ursula (it 11. 00 1656 Hans

Bird), child "

1. To slope go. 1690, starting from 1654 as Exulant in Dietenhofen, 1660-1679 farmer Lendersdorf, t 13. 4. 1694 oo the Dietenhofen (me) 5. 3. 1660 Elizabeth cellar

2. To Simon. go. 1631-1634, 1671 still in Hft. Hausegg NOe.

3. Adam baptized 18 0. 1637 coming, 1671 Exulant in the realm "into Steinbach, Pf. Grosshaslach (Mfr)

28

4. Elizabeth GET. 3. 10. 1635 Gresten, bury 13. 5. 1645 Gr.

5, George baptized 5. 10. 1645 Gresten, 1671 Exulant in the realm ".

6. Jakob baptized 27. 5, 1648 Gresten 1671 still 1. Hft Hausegg

7. Maria geb. 1631/1634, oo 4, 3, 1661 reprimanding country (Mfr) Philipp W A g e n h o f e r, Exulant from Gresten.

8. Sophia baptized 24. 3. 1639 Gresten 1671 Exulantin "realm".

9. To Sara go. 165071655, 1671 Exulantin "in the realm".

Zellhofer Jakob (3), (1647) Inwohner at the riser yard, Exulant in Lindach

Reprimanding country (Mfr): 1 ' oo G... 12 ten. 2. 1647 Rossina bird, bury 29. 5. 1647

Gresten: 11 CO 15. 11. 1648 Gt Maria. Widow slope of the Dotter

1. Christoph baptized 6. 3. 1647 Gresten.

Z e 11 h o f e r Thomas (7), at the back Hoderberg, gladly. Unteramt, Pf. Gresten NOe.

t before 23. 1. 1650, bury Gresten.

CO ( 1633 ago) Gresten Gertraudt.... as a widow oo 11.

Gresten (1661) Michael S C h egg f outer r. to rear. Hoderberg;

1. Andre GET. 3. 10. 1640 Gresten 1671 Exulant in the realm ".

2, George GET. 3. 4, 1647 Gresten, 1671 Exulant jm realm ".

3. Maria GET. 30. 3. 163 3 Gresten, CO 1661 George T e u F e 1 1671 as Exulanten im realm ".

4. Barbara GET. 5. 1. 1635 Gresten CO (1662) Niclauss Grabner to the Zaritzleuthen,

5, Sara GET, 25. 2. 1637 Gresten, oo 1662 Dietenhofen (Mfr) Jacob B e A C k e r (to Hft. Hausegg), 1671 Exulanten "in the realm.

6. Gertraudt GET. 30. 12. 1639 Gresten, 1671 Exulantin in the realm *.

to 7, Catharina go approx.. 1644 Gresten, oo 1672 Dietenhofen (Mfr) Leonhard Muenchhofer, Herpersdorf, Exulanten.

The different members of the kinship Zellhofer in front riser yard, 1671 out

Cause of a hereditary regulation as Exulanten in the realm "testified are already starting from 1654 in Dietenhofen and environment by Kirchenbucbeintragungen occupied.

Count Seefried reports in the history of the market Gresten on
the difficult feedback of the population to the catholicism. . . . which do not bekehren themselves lie, the necessary passports received for emigration or went without such on the journey. The federal state government became gradual consciously that the punishment of the landesverweisung was a very zweischneidige weapon. The number of the Oedstaetten, the farmers in ruins. abandoned by their owners, the often straight best craftsmen took to Germany to and from the cities and markets pulled. In particular the forging masters and their associate were with the largest part of Protestantan, which hung firmly on their faith, and its departure did not only prove as large disadvantage for the places with highly developed iron industry, like for Waidhofen A. D Ybbs, Ybbsitz. Gresten, but for the Austrian iron industry at all, which had controlled so far the far market... "

This text says, that the count tried to lead the population back to catholizism, and these who didn’t want that got passports to emigrate and others just went on the road. This was bad for the cities because lots of people hang on to their religion (Protestanism) and moved away and so theses cities lost lots of money, because they had no more workers.


Vgl. Anm. A 11 S e f, i e D. A. 0. 0.. 5, 124.

29

Just as I was finishing this page, I found this at:
http://www.rootsweb.com/~autwgw/exulanten.htm

First a little perspective from my own research. As already indicated, Exulanten were forced from what today is Austria since as far back as the 16th century. According to Georg Kuhr, an authority on the subject, about 90 percent of what today is Austria was evangelical (Lutheran) after 1555. The Counter-Reformation had differt periods of expulsion in different parts of what today is Austria. The word Exulanten, stems from EXUL CHRISTI (in German: verbannt um Christi willen). Kaernten and Tirol had some very early protestant refugees, many went initially to other parts of today's Austria. There were many Exulanten from the Muehlviertel, Waldviertel, and Laendle ob der Enns during the early 17th Century. Many of these settled in Frankonia (Franken). They helped to re-populate parts of Franken which had been severely depopulated during the 30 years war (1618-1648). First the minor nobility, ministers and teachers were expelled, later the common people: farmers, weavers, etc. The last big push in the Counter-Reformation came during the 18th Century (1730s). Most of these refugees passed through what is now Bavaria and wound up in Prussia. These were also called "Salzburgers" because most came from the Salzburger Land. There are many books listed on this subject. The Gesellschaft fuer Familienforschung in Franken, located in the basement of the Staatsarchiv in Nuernberg, has published several books about Exulanten which left parts of Austria in the 17th century and settled in Franken (Frankonia). They have an extensive library of Exulanten works and surnames. So if anyone is doing research in the Lutheran part of Franken, you are almost sure to have Exulanten as ancestors. I have more than 10 Exulanten surnames myself. For the Salzburgers, there is the Salzburger Verein e.V. in Bielefeld, Germany. They have an extensive library and surname list for the 18th Century Exulanten.
Well, I tried to give a little background on the topic of Exulanten for the benefit of the people on this new list.
Good luck,
Roland Barth
Bellevue, Nebraska

http://www.pipeline.com/~cwa/TYWHome.htm discusses the 30 Years War of 1618-1648 across Europe, which helps greatly to understand the ever-changing religious/political environment.  There's also a link on that page to a really helpful 1618 map, helping to understand "who controlled what".
Something to fix, or to add?  Can you provide more translation help?  Then please ~  eMail RonKZ!
 

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