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Emigration Procedure

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While Alija was working on Intellingenz Blatt, this was forwarded, and since Bav-Anc had during July 2003 much interest Emigration Procedure and Permission to Leave, it seemed a good thing to post here.
[Alija]:  The following was a post of mine to the BAV-ANC list a while back and explained the procedure

Re: Re: [BAV-ANC] Emigration Approvals - Emigration Agency
from: Alijabav
to: BAVARIAN-ANCESTORS-L@rootsweb.com
Date : 28.08.2002

The procedure for emigration was the following. The person who wanted to emigrate had to apply for an "Auswanderungs Genehmigung" [emigration approval] with the government. To get this approval the person had to supply a lot of information, i.e. "Leumunds-Zeugnis" [certificate of good conduct], school certificates, information about his financial situation, certificate of baptism and more. After the emigration request was approved, there had to be two announcements in the local newspaper about the intent of this person to emigrate. The reason for this was to inform the public that this person will emigrate. This would allow i.e. other people, to whom maybe the future emigrant still owes money, to veto the approval until the debt was paid. Normally the future emigrants, when no veto was coming forward, would leave immediately  after this publication in the newspapers and travel to the port from which they were leaving.

The "Auswanderungs Absichtserklärung" [announcement of the intent to emigrate] were published either in the local newspapers or in local special newspapers, called something like "Amtsblaetter", which were used to inform the inhabitants of the local areas about official messages and news. The  newspapers (incl. the published announcements) still exist in State archives in Bavaria.
A lot of emigrants arranged their travels  - at their home area - with an "Auswanderungs Agenten" [emigration agents or agency].  The shipping companies, i.e. from the ports of Hamburg or Bremen, had "Agents" all over Germany. Some of these "Auswanderungs Agenturen" even had  "sub-agents" all over. These local i.e. Bavarian agents sold the ship tickets for the passage, made the reservations for temporary accomodations in the German ports, gave helpful hints of "to do and don't do" and so on. Most of all this local agents did what today we would call "heavy public relation and advertisement" [ ! ]  They organized meetings to tell the Bavarians how wonderful America is, that it is a the chance of a lifetime  to go there. They published "leaflets" and books about emigration and so on. They were very active and resourceful in what they very doing!

A short while ago I had the chance to read an original advertisement booklets (from around 1850s). It was printed in the old script and had detailed explanations what to do and better not to do. It had maps about the US, told some stories of very lucky emigrants, but also gave warnings and lectures about the best possible behaviour before and after the emigrant arrived. For example the agent who had published this booklet, gave very stern warnings  n o t  to leave home without a passport!  In the past at that time it would have been no problem to leave Bavaria or Germany without a issued passport and to arrive in the US without one [***]. But as he rightly pointed out in his book, to have a Bavarian or German passport would be the only way for the emigrant (than immigrant) to get help from the German "Konsul" (kind of ambassador) in America should the emigrant run into trouble . Even so the wording in this booklet was very old-fashioned, it was fun to read it. These emigration agents were very far advanced in what we now call 'public relations and marketing' and they were successful - a lot of Bavarians emigrated!  I learned a lot reading this brochure

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